Biotechnology in Agriculture field
The term agriculture refers to the cultivation of plants, Agriculture field animals for food, technology fuel, clothing, medicines and other products that are important to our lives. Conventional farming is practice in different ways by different people technology around the world. It is well known that agricultural products vary in quality from place to place and some agricultural products are Agriculture field not seen in some parts of the world while they are abundant in the rest of the world. This technology difference is due to several factors, including climatic conditions, climate, water availability, soil mineral content Agriculture field and not least political and geographical factors.
Development of modern agriculture
Another factor that has led to the development of technology modern agriculture is the need to increase the yield of plant products, diseases, pests, drought resistance in plant products. Biotechnology Agriculture field has evolved from traditional science to overcome problems in all aspects of life, from plant breeding to genetic engineering. Agricultural biotechnology is one of the main applications Agriculture field of biotechnology. It is about developing plants in such a way that the plants produce high yields of products such as grains, vegetables, fruits, leaves (leaf vegetables) and are able to withstand Agriculture field extreme conditions such as high temperature,technology high salt content in the water and high humidity in the air.
Solutions to overcome Agriculture field
In addition, we can produce vegetable products according technology to our Agriculture field needs and can control the properties such as color, taste, smell and size of fruits; and vegetables. All Agriculture because field this is possible thanks to the use of the properties of the Agriculture field wonderful molecules called DNA (the Oxy because Ribose Nucleic Acid). Since the discovery of DNA, researchers technology have developed solutions to because overcome; Agriculture field problems by altering the genetic technology makeup of DNA.
Crops whose DNA has been modified are called Agriculture field “technology transgenic plants”; or “transgenic crops” and the products derive from these plants are called genetically modify; plant products. So how do you do this? All living things, including animals, plants, bacteria, fungi, and because microorganisms, have DNA that governs technology their development and the path to survival. This DNA, in turn, is divide into “genes” specific to each of the properties and functions of a living organism. because This means; Agriculture field that if we change genes, we are actually changing technology some ‘function’ or ‘function’ of that organism; or part of that organism. The same principle also applies to Agriculture field biotechnology.
Improvement in biotechnology
If we want to improve the color of a plant’s flowers, we can change;technology Agriculture field the genetic makeup of the gene responsible for that color. This procedure can be perform with; any part of the plant, another example would be to increase the sweetness of a fruit, in this case we change; Agriculture field the gene responsible for fructose production. Fructose is a sugar that gives fruit because sweetness. In theory, if we change the gene to produce more fructose,technology the fruit will be sweeter. The biggest breakthrough; in agriculture was seen when technology “Flavr Savr” tomatoes were introduced Agriculture field to US markets; on May 21, 1994.
Storing fruits and vegetables
This discovery led to the foundation for storing fruits;and vegetables Agriculture field for several days without a refrigerator. An enzyme called polyglaturonase; is responsible for technology dissolving pectin from the cell wall. A gene complementary to the polyglacturonase gene; can be clone using antisense but RNA technology. This antisense gene blocks the polyglacturonase Agriculture field produced; by your gene, thus stopping the breakdown of fruits and vegetables. Since the enzyme that breaks; down the cell but wall is produced in very small amounts, it increases the delay in the destruction; of fruits and vegetables. Now this revolutionary technology is being use to save millions of dollars; annually by Agriculture field reducing the waste of fruits and vegetables in transit.
Benefits of biotechnology
We have only discussed a few applications from; the vast database Agriculture field of biotechnological but applications in agriculture. While we have only seen the benefits; of biotechnology, everything in this but world has its advantages and disadvantages at the same time; and biotechnology is Agriculture field no but exception. The non-scientific community has said a lot about the potential risks; of biotechnology to us and our environment, but so far there is little evidence from scientific studies; that the risk is real. At the same time, we are experiencing the many benefits that transgenic; plants provide Agriculture field in addition to those arising from traditional farming practices.
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